Rules

poker_dictionary
Poker rules and games
Courtesy of www.internetpokerdatabase.com

Omaha Hi/Lo
Omaha
Seven-Card Stud (Hi/Lo)
Seven-Card Stud
Texas Hold’Em

Omaha Hi/Lo Rules

  1. Omaha Hi/Lo Hold’em can be played with as few as two players, or as many as ten, at a single table.
  2. The game begins with two players left of the dealer, placing an initial bet. This is called posting the blinds. In Texas Hold’em, there are no antes but forced bets, or blinds are used.
  3. The person to the left of the dealer posts a bet called the small blind, which is usually equal to half the minimum bet.
  4. The person to the left of the small blind posts the big blind, which is equal to the full minimum bet.
  5. The dealer shuffles one full deck of 52 playing cards. A disc or other marker is used to indicate which person is the "dealer" for the round.
  6. Each player is then dealt four cards face down. These are called your hole cards or pocket cards.
  7. Next is a round of betting starting with the person to the left of the two who posted the blinds. This round is usually referred to by the term pre-flop. Players must call or match the big blind in this round. Players may also raise or fold.
  8. In limit Omaha, players may raise or re-raise the amount of the minimum bet but no more, up to a maximum of 3 raises, then the betting is considered capped. In other words, no player is expected to call more than 4 times the minimum bet in one round. (Note: if at any time play is between just two players (heads up), there is no cap on the betting. In this situation, players may raise and re-raise as much as they see fit as long as it is done using the betting limits)
  9. In No-Limit Omaha, the number of chips you have in front you determines the maximum bet. A player can go "all-in" by pushing all their chips towards the center of the table. At this point, either the player or the dealer should "count them down," or calculate the amount of the other player in the all-in bet. To call, the other players at the table must match the value of the chips.
  10. In the event a player cannot match the value of another player’s bet, but would still like to call, he or she can go all-in and play for a portion of the pot. Should this happen, the dealer will divide the original, larger bet into two stacks: the first stack should match the amount of the caller’s all in bet. This stack is pushed into the original pot along with the caller’s all-in bet. The second stack is placed into a side pot, for which the all-in caller is not eligible. This enables the rest of the table to continue play, raising and re-raising as they see fit. At the conclusion of the hand, the all-in bettor is eligible to win the original pot, but not the side pot.
  11. After the initial betting round ends, the dealer discards the top card of the deck. This is called a burn card and is done as a show of good faith, to eliminate cheating.
  12. The dealer then flips the next three cards face up on the table, this process is called the flop. These are communal cards that anyone can use in combination with two of their pocket cards to form a poker hand.
  13. Next is another round of betting, starting with the player to the left of the dealer.
  14. After betting concludes, the dealer burns another card and flips one more onto the table. This is called the turn card. Players can use this sixth card now to form a five-card poker hand.
  15. The player to the left of the dealer beings another round of betting, in most games this is where the bet size doubles.
  16. Finally, the dealer burns another card and places the final card face up on the table, this is called the river card. Players can now use any of the five community cards on the table in conjunction with two of their pocket cards to form the best five-card poker hand. Note: All remaining players must use two and only two of their hole cards to form the best possible five-card poker hand. Unlike Texas Hold’em, players may not use only one of their hole cards or none (which is called playing the board)
  17. There is now a final round of betting starting with the player to the left of the dealer. Again, this round uses bets that are double the original bet used in the first two rounds.
  18. After this round of betting, all of the players remaining in the hand begin to reveal their hands. This process begins with the last player to initiate action or place a bet.
  19. If two or more players have the same hand, the next highest card in the player’s hand is used to break the tie. This card is called the kicker.
  20. If there is no kicker card and the tied players have used both hole cards, or have the exact same hand, then the pot is split between them.
  21. In Omaha Hi/Lo, two pots are awarded at the showdown. The first pot is won by the player holding the best (Hi) hand and a second pot is awarded to the player with the worst hand (Lo). In order to win the Lo, a qualifier of 8-or-better is usually in place. This means that the Lo hand must consist of five cards 8 or lower. If there is no Lo hand, the player with the Hi hand wins the entire pot.
  22. The dealer position then moves clockwise to the next player and another round of play begins.

Exceptional Circumstances

  1. If the first holecard dealt is exposed, a misdeal results. The dealer will retrieve the card, reshuffle, and re-cut the cards. If any other hole card is exposed due to a dealer error, the deal continues. The exposed card may not be kept. After completing the hand, the dealer replaces the card with the top card on the deck, and the exposed card is then used for the burn card. If more than one hole card is exposed, this is a misdeal and there must be a re-deal.
  2. If the flop contains too many cards, it must be re-dealt. (This applies even if it were possible to know which card was the extra one.)
  3. If the flop needs to be re-dealt because the cards were prematurely flopped before the betting was complete, or the flop contained too many cards, the board cards are mixed with the remainder of the deck. The burn card remains on the table. After shuffling, the dealer cuts the deck and deals a new flop without burning a card
  4. If the dealer turns the fourth card on the board before the betting round is complete, the card is taken out of play for that round, even if subsequent players elect to fold. The betting is then completed. The dealer burns and turns what would have been the fifth card in the fourth card’s place. After this round of betting, the dealer reshuffles the deck, including the card that was taken out of play, but not including the burn cards or discards. The dealer then cuts the deck and turns the final card without burning a card. If the fifth card is turned up prematurely, the deck is reshuffled and dealt in the same manner
  5. If the dealer mistakenly deals the first player an extra card (after all players have received their starting hands), the card will be returned to the deck and used for the burn card. If the dealer mistakenly deals more than one extra card, it is a misdeal.

^ Back to Top

Omaha Rules

  1. Omaha Hold’em can be played with as few as two players, or as many as ten, at a single table.
  2. The game begins with two players left of the dealer, placing an initial bet. This is called posting the blinds. In Texas Hold’em, there are no antes but forced bets, or blinds are used.
  3. The person to the left of the dealer posts a bet called the small blind, which is usually equal to half the minimum bet.
  4. The person to the left of the small blind posts the big blind, which is equal to the full minimum bet.
  5. The dealer shuffles one full deck of 52 playing cards. A disc or other marker is used to indicate which person is the "dealer" for the round.
  6. Each player is then dealt four cards face down. These are called your hole cards or pocket cards.
  7. Next is a round of betting starting with the person to the left of the two who posted the blinds. This round is usually referred to by the term pre-flop. Players must call or match the big blind in this round. Players may also raise or fold.
  8. In limit Omaha, players may raise or re-raise the amount of the minimum bet but no more, up to a maximum of 3 raises, then the betting is considered capped. In other words, no player is expected to call more than 4 times the minimum bet in one round. (Note: if at any time play is between just two players (heads up), there is no cap on the betting. In this situation, players may raise and re-raise as much as they see fit as long as it is done using the betting limits)
  9. In No-Limit Omaha, the number of chips you have in front you determines the maximum bet. A player can go "all-in" by pushing all their chips towards the center of the table. At this point, either the player or the dealer should "count them down," or calculate the amount of the other player in the all-in bet. To call, the other players at the table must match the value of the chips.
  10. In the event a player cannot match the value of another player’s bet, but would still like to call, he or she can go all-in and play for a portion of the pot. Should this happen, the dealer will divide the original, larger bet into two stacks: the first stack should match the amount of the caller’s all in bet. This stack is pushed into the original pot along with the caller’s all-in bet. The second stack is placed into a side pot, for which the all-in caller is not eligible. This enables the rest of the table to continue play, raising and re-raising as they see fit. At the conclusion of the hand, the all-in bettor is eligible to win the original pot, but not the side pot.
  11. After the initial betting round ends, the dealer discards the top card of the deck. This is called a burn card and is done as a show of good faith, to eliminate cheating.
  12. The dealer then flips the next three cards face up on the table, this process is called the flop. These are communal cards that anyone can use in combination with their two pocket cards to form a poker hand.
  13. Next is another round of betting, starting with the player to the left of the dealer.
  14. After betting concludes, the dealer burns another card and flips one more onto the table. This is called the turn card. Players can use this sixth card now to form a five-card poker hand.
  15. The player to the left of the dealer beings another round of betting, in most games this is where the bet size doubles.
  16. Finally, the dealer burns another card and places the final card face up on the table, this is called the river card. Players can now use any of the five community cards on the table in conjunction with two of their pocket cards to form the best five-card poker hand. Note: All remaining players must use two and only two of their hole cards to form the best possible five-card poker hand. Unlike Texas Hold’em, players may not use only one of their hole cards or none, which is called playing the board.
  17. There is now a final round of betting starting with the player to the left of the dealer. Again, this round uses bets that are double the original bet used in the first two rounds.
  18. After this round of betting, all of the players remaining in the hand begin to reveal their hands. This process begins with the last player to initiate action or place a bet.
  19. If two or more players have the same hand, the next highest card in the player’s hand is used to break the tie. This card is called the kicker.
  20. If there is no kicker card and the tied players have the exact same hand, then the pot is split between them.
  21. The dealer position then moves clockwise to the next player and another round of play begins.

Exceptional Circumstances

  1. If the first hole card dealt is exposed, a misdeal results. The dealer will retrieve the card, reshuffle, and re-cut the cards. If any other hole card is exposed due to a dealer error, the deal continues. The exposed card may not be kept. After completing the hand, the dealer replaces the card with the top card on the deck, and the exposed card is then used for the burn card. If more than one hole card is exposed, this is a misdeal and there must be a re-deal.
  2. If the flop contains too many cards, it must be re-dealt. (This applies even if it were possible to know which card was the extra one.)
  3. If the flop needs to be re-dealt because the cards were prematurely flopped before the betting was complete, or the flop contained too many cards, the board cards are mixed with the remainder of the deck. The burn card remains on the table. After shuffling, the dealer cuts the deck and deals a new flop without burning a card
  4. If the dealer turns the fourth card on the board before the betting round is complete, the card is taken out of play for that round, even if subsequent players elect to fold. The betting is then completed. The dealer burns and turns what would have been the fifth card in the fourth card’s place. After this round of betting, the dealer reshuffles the deck, including the card that was taken out of play, but not including the burn cards or discards. The dealer then cuts the deck and turns the final card without burning a card. If the fifth card is turned up prematurely, the deck is reshuffled and dealt in the same manner
  5. If the dealer mistakenly deals the first player an extra card (after all players have received their starting hands), the card will be returned to the deck and used for the burn card. If the dealer mistakenly deals more than one extra card, it is a misdeal.

^ Back to Top

Seven-Card stud Hi/Lo rules

  1. Ante — Seven-card stud is normally played with an ante that is approximately 1/5 of the low limit bet size. Every player must ante up before the hand begins. The ante does not count towards any future bets. Players are then dealt three cards, two face-down and one up.
  2. Bring in — After the initial deal when every player has 1 card showing, the person with the lowest card must "bring in", which means he must place 1/2 of the low limit bet size in the pot. If two or more players share the lowest card, the one closest to the dealer’s left side must bring in. This bet counts as your first round bet, so as long as nobody raises, you won’t have to place any more money in the pot to see the next card
  3. Betting Rounds — There are five rounds of betting. In fixed limit seven-card stud, all bets and raises must be equal to either the low limit, or high limit bet size, depending on what round it is. In the first two rounds, all bets and raises must be equal to the low limit bet size. In the third, fourth, and fifth rounds, all bets must be equal to the high limit bet size. If, for example, you’re playing 3-6 seven-card stud, all bets in the first two rounds will be in increments of 3 dollars, and all bets in the last three rounds will be in increments of 6 dollars. A maximum of 3 raises are allowed per betting round.
  4. 3rd street — Two cards are dealt face down to every player, followed by another card face up. The player with the lowest card must bring in, by betting 1/2 of the low limit bet. He may choose to raise by betting the full low limit bet. Play proceeds clockwise around the table, with each player choosing to fold, call, or raise. All bets and raises must be equal to the low limit bet size.
  5. 4th street — A fourth card is dealt face up to every player. The player with the highest hand showing (at this point, the highest possible would be a pair of aces) is the first to act. He may choose to fold, check, or bet. If two or more players are tied for the highest hand, the one closest to the dealer’s left will be the first to act. Play proceeds clockwise around the table as before. If a player is showing a pair at this point, then he and all the other players have the option to bet either the low limit bet size or the high limit bet size. Otherwise, all bets and raises must be equal to the low limit bet size.
  6. 5th street — A fifth card is dealt face up to every player. Play proceeds as in the previous round, with the highest hand betting first, except now all bets and raises must be equal to the high limit bet size.
  7. 6th street — A sixth card is dealt face up to every player. Play proceeds as in the previous round. All bets and raises must be equal to the high limit bet size.
  8. 7th street — A seventh and final card is dealt face down to every player. Play proceeds as in the previous round. All bets and raises must be equal to the high limit bet size. In the rare event that all eight players remain in the hand at this point, there would not be enough cards for each player to receive another one. If that occurs, instead of every player receiving a card face down, a single card is placed in the middle of the table face up which every player is free to use in the making of their best 5 card hand.
  9. Showdown — Anyone who has not folded after the last round of betting will now have the option of showing their hand in hopes of taking down the pot. The person who bet last is the first to show their hand, and then it proceeds clockwise from there, with each remaining player either choosing to show their hand, or muck it. Often times a player will muck their hand if they aren’t going to win the pot, and don’t want their opponents to see what they played. The best five-card poker hand wins the pot.
  10. Hi/Lo Variation — In some games players may be playing for two pots. The first is made by the best five-card poker hand and is known as the Hi hand. The second is known as the Lo hand and is won by the lowest possible hand. There is usually a qualifier in place which dictates that the Lo hand must be made up of cards 8 and lower. If no Lo hand is made, then the Hi hand takes the entire pot.

^ Back to Top

Seven Card Stud Rules

  1. Ante — Seven-card stud is normally played with an ante that is approximately 1/5 of the low limit bet size. Every player must ante up before the hand begins. The ante does not count towards any future bets. Players are then dealt three cards, two face-down and one up.
  2. Bring in — After the initial deal when every player has 1 card showing, the person with the lowest card must "bring in", which means he must place 1/2 of the low limit bet size in the pot. If two or more players share the lowest card, the one closest to the dealer’s left side must bring in. This bet counts as your first round bet, so as long as nobody raises, you won’t have to place any more money in the pot to see the next card
  3. Betting Rounds — There are five rounds of betting. In fixed limit seven-card stud, all bets and raises must be equal to either the low limit, or high limit bet size, depending on what round it is. In the first two rounds, all bets and raises must be equal to the low limit bet size. In the third, fourth, and fifth rounds, all bets must be equal to the high limit bet size. If, for example, you’re playing 3-6 seven-card stud, all bets in the first two rounds will be in increments of 3 dollars, and all bets in the last three rounds will be in increments of 6 dollars. A maximum of 3 raises are allowed per betting round.
  4. 3rd street — Two cards are dealt face down to every player, followed by another card face up. The player with the lowest card must bring in, by betting 1/2 of the low limit bet. He may choose to raise by betting the full low limit bet. Play proceeds clockwise around the table, with each player choosing to fold, call, or raise. All bets and raises must be equal to the low limit bet size.
  5. 4th street — A fourth card is dealt face up to every player. The player with the highest hand showing (at this point, the highest possible would be a pair of aces) is the first to act. He may choose to fold, check, or bet. If two or more players are tied for the highest hand, the one closest to the dealer’s left will be the first to act. Play proceeds clockwise around the table as before. If a player is showing a pair at this point, then he and all the other players have the option to bet either the low limit bet size or the high limit bet size. Otherwise, all bets and raises must be equal to the low limit bet size.
  6. 5th street — A fifth card is dealt face up to every player. Play proceeds as in the previous round, with the highest hand betting first, except now all bets and raises must be equal to the high limit bet size.
  7. 6th street — A sixth card is dealt face up to every player. Play proceeds as in the previous round. All bets and raises must be equal to the high limit bet size.
  8. 7th street — A seventh and final card is dealt face down to every player. Play proceeds as in the previous round. All bets and raises must be equal to the high limit bet size. In the rare event that all eight players remain in the hand at this point, there would not be enough cards for each player to receive another one. If that occurs, instead of every player receiving a card face down, a single card is placed in the middle of the table face up which every player is free to use in the making of their best 5 card hand.
  9. Showdown — Anyone who has not folded after the last round of betting will now have the option of showing their hand in hopes of taking down the pot. The person who bet last is the first to show their hand, and then it proceeds clockwise from there, with each remaining player either choosing to show their hand, or muck it. Often times a player will muck their hand if they aren’t going to win the pot, and don’t want their opponents to see what they played. The pot is won by the player who makes the best five-card poker hand.

^ Back to Top

Hold’em Rules

  1. Texas Hold’em can be played with as few as two players, or as many as ten, at a single table.
  2. The game begins with two players left of the dealer, placing an initial bet. This is called posting the blinds. In Texas Hold’em, there are no antes but forced bets, or blinds are used.
  3. The person to the left of the dealer posts a bet called the small blind, which is usually equal to half the minimum bet.
  4. The person to the left of the small blind posts the big blind, which is equal to the full minimum bet.
  5. The dealer shuffles one full deck of 52 playing cards. A disc or other marker is used to indicate which person is the "dealer" for the round.
  6. Each player is then dealt two cards face down. These are called your hole cards or pocket cards.
  7. Next is a round of betting starting with the person to the left of the two who posted the blinds. This round is usually referred to by the term pre-flop. Players must call or match the big blind in this round. Players may also raise or fold.
  8. In limit Hold’em, players may raise or re-raise the amount of the minimum bet but no more, up to a maximum of 3 raises, then the betting is considered capped. In other words, no player is expected to call more than 4 times the minimum bet in one round. (Note: if at any time play is between just two players (heads up), there is no cap on the betting. In this situation, players may raise and re-raise as much as they see fit as long as it is done using the betting limits)
  9. In No-Limit Hold’em, the number of chips you have in front you determines the maximum bet. A player can go "all-in" by pushing all their chips towards the center of the table. At this point, either the player or the dealer should "count them down," or calculate the amount of the other player in the all-in bet. To call, the other players at the table must match the value of the chips.
  10. In the event a player cannot match the value of another player’s bet, but would still like to call, he or she can go all-in and play for a portion of the pot. Should this happen, the dealer will divide the original, larger bet into two stacks: the first stack should match the amount of the caller’s all in bet. This stack is pushed into the original pot along with the caller’s all-in bet. The second stack is placed into a side pot, for which the all-in caller is not eligible. This enables the rest of the table to continue play, raising and re-raising as they see fit. At the conclusion of the hand, the all-in bettor is eligible to win the original pot, but not the side pot.
  11. After the initial betting round ends, the dealer discards the top card of the deck. This is called a burn card and is done as a show of good faith, to eliminate cheating.
  12. The dealer then flips the next three cards face up on the table, this process is called the flop. These are communal cards that anyone can use in combination with their two pocket cards to form a poker hand.
  13. Next is another round of betting, starting with the player to the left of the dealer.
  14. After betting concludes, the dealer burns another card and flips one more onto the table. This is called the turn card. Players can use this sixth card now to form a five-card poker hand.
  15. The player to the left of the dealer beings another round of betting, in most games this is where the bet size doubles.
  16. Finally, the dealer burns another card and places the final card face up on the table, this is called the river card. Players can now use any of the five community cards on the table in conjunction with their two pocket cards to form the best five-card poker hand. Note: All remaining players must use one of the following choices when making the best five-card poker hand:
    1. Two pocket cards & three boardcards
    2. One pocket card & four boardcards
    3. No pocket cards & five boardcards (called playing the board)
  17. There is now a final round of betting starting with the player to the left of the dealer. Again, this round uses bets that are double the original bet used in the first two rounds.
  18. After this round of betting, all of the players remaining in the hand begin to reveal their hands. This process begins with the last player to initiate action or place a bet.
  19. If two or more players have the same hand, the next highest card in the player’s hand is used to break the tie. This card is called the kicker.
  20. If there is no kicker card and the tied players have used both hole cards, or have the exact same hand, then the pot is split between them.
  21. The dealer position then moves clockwise to the next player and another round of play begins.

Exceptional Circumstances

  1. If the first holecard dealt is exposed, a misdeal results. The dealer will retrieve the card, reshuffle, and re-cut the cards. If any other holecard is exposed due to a dealer error, the deal continues. The exposed card may not be kept. After completing the hand, the dealer replaces the card with the top card on the deck, and the exposed card is then used for the burn card. If more than one holecard is exposed, this is a misdeal and there must be a re-deal.
  2. If the flop contains too many cards, it must be re-dealt. (This applies even if it were possible to know which card was the extra one.)
  3. If the flop needs to be re-dealt because the cards were prematurely flopped before the betting was complete, or the flop contained too many cards, the board cards are mixed with the remainder of the deck. The burn card remains on the table. After shuffling, the dealer cuts the deck and deals a new flop without burning a card. [See - Explanations, discussion #2, for more information on this rule.]
  4. If the dealer turns the fourth card on the board before the betting round is complete, the card is taken out of play for that round, even if subsequent players elect to fold. The betting is then completed. The dealer burns and turns what would have been the fifth card in the fourth card’s place. After this round of betting, the dealer reshuffles the deck, including the card that was taken out of play, but not including the burn cards or discards. The dealer then cuts the deck and turns the final card without burning a card. If the fifth card is turned up prematurely, the deck is reshuffled and dealt in the same manner
  5. If the dealer mistakenly deals the first player an extra card (after all players have received their starting hands), the card will be returned to the deck and used for the burn card. If the dealer mistakenly deals more than one extra card, it is a misdeal.

You must declare that you are playing the board before you throw your cards away; otherwise you relinquish all rights to the pot.

^ Back to Top

About ePokerReviews.com

ePokerReviews.com is the world's largest online poker guide, offering in-depth online poker site reviews, exclusive online poker bonus deals and the most free poker content available on the Web. Inside you'll find expert reviews of major poker sites, daily poker news, over 450 free poker strategy articles, exclusive poker videos and live coverage from poker tournaments around the world.

follow us on social services: