Poker Dictionary

poker_dictionary
Poker Dictionary
Courtesy of www.internetpokerdatabase.com

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8 OR BETTER Term used in Hi/Lo Split games where a player must qualify by having no pairs and a high card value of 8 or less. ^ Back to Top
A Symbol commonly used to represent an Ace, the highest card in the deck. ^ Back to Top
ACE The highest card in the deck.
ACE TO FIVE

A straight consisting of A,2,3,4,5, also knows as a bike or wheel.

ACTION

A fold, check, call, bet or raise. For certain situations doing something formally connected with the game that conveys information about your hand may also be considered as having taken action. Examples would be showing your cards at the end of the hand, or indicating the number of cards you are taking at draw.

ADD ON

Some tournaments allow players the opportunity at a certain point to buy additional chips. This is different from a re-buy because usually anyone still in the tournament can add on and the opportunity to add-on usually marks the end of the re-buy period.

AGGRESSIVE ACTION

A wager that could enable a player to win a pot without a showdown; a bet or raise

ALL-IN

When you have put all of your playable money and chips into the pot during the course of a hand, you are said to be all-in.

AMERICAN AIRLINES

Slang term for holding two Aces as hole cards. Also known as Pocket Rockets or Bullets.

ANGLE

An angle is any legal but ethically challenged method used to increase your expectations or information during a hand.

ANTE

A prescribed amount posted before the start of a hand by all players.

BACKDOOR

A hand made on the turn and river or 4th and 5th community cards.

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BAD BEAT

(1) A hand in which you come out the loser despite having a very strong hand
(2) A jackpot collected by the house and awarded to players when I particular set of circumstances happen called qualifying.

BANKROLL

The total amount of money that a player or individual is willing to gamble or risk during play.

 

BELLYBUSTER

Slang term for an inside straight draw also known as a gutshot.

 

BET

The act of placing a wager in turn into the pot on any betting round or the chips put in the pot.

 

BIG BLIND

The largest regular blind in a game.

 

BIG SLICK

Slang term for Ace & King as hole cards.

 

BLANK

Any community card that appears to help nobody.

 

BLIND

(1) A required bet made before any cards are dealt.
(2) When one plays without looking at their hand.

 

BLIND GAME

A game which utilizes a blind.

 

BLUFF

Betting with a missed or very weak hand, intended to steal the pot and get other players to fold.

 

BOARD

Cards faceup on the table common to each of the hands.

 

BOARDCARD

A community card in the center of the table, as in holdem or Omaha .

 

BOAT

Slang term for a full house. Also known as a full boat or tight.

 

BOTTOM PAIR

When a player holds a pair that is the lowest on the board of community cards.

 

BOXED CARD

A card that appears faceup in the deck where all other cards are facedown.

 

BROADWAY

Slang term for a straight ten to Ace (T,J,Q,KA)

 

BROKEN GAME

A game no longer in action.

 

BULLETS

Holding two Aces as hole cards. Also known as American Airlines or Pocket Rockets.

 

BURNCARD

After the initial round of cards is dealt, the first card off the deck in each round that is placed under a chip in the pot, for security purposes. To do so is to burn the card; the card itself is called the burn card.

 

BUTTON

(1)A player who is in the designated dealer position. See dealer button.
(2) A plastic disk that is placed in front of a player to indicate that he/she is in the dealer position for that current hand.

 

BUTTON GAMES

Games in which a dealer button is used.

 

BUST

To run out of or lose all your money/bankroll during play.

 

BUY-IN The minimum amount of money required to enter any game.
CALIFORNIA LOWBALL

Ace-to-five lowball with a joker.

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CALL

Matching the current bet

 

CARDS SPEAK

The face value of a hand in a showdown is the true value of the hand, regardless of a verbal announcement.

 

CAPPED

Describes the situation in limit poker in which the maximum number of raises on the betting round has been reached.

 

CHECK

To waive the right to initiate the betting in a round, but to retain the right to act if another player initiates the betting.

 

CHECK-RAISE

To waive the right to bet until a bet has been made by an opponent, and then to increase the bet by at least an equal amount when it is your turn to act.

 

CHOP

(1) Returning the blinds to the players who posted them and moving on to the next hand
(2) A pot that is split between two players because they both made the same hand. Also called a split pot.

 

COLD CALL

Calling more than one bet at once.

 

COLLECTION

The fee charged in a game (taken either out of the pot or from each player).

 

COLLECTION DROP

A fee charged for each hand dealt.

 

COLOR CHANGE

A request to change the chips from one denomination to another.

 

COMMON CARD

A card dealt faceup to be used by all players at the showdown in the games of stud poker whenever there are insufficient cards left in the deck to deal each player a card individually.

 

COMMUNITY CARDS

The cards dealt faceup in the center of the table that can be used by all players to form their best hand in the games of holdem and Omaha .

 

COMPLETE THE BET

To increase an all-in bet or forced bet to a full bet in limit poker.

 

COUNTERFEIT

When your relatively strong hand becomes considerably weaker by the community or board cards, usually as a result of the board pairing.

 

COWBOYS

Holding two Kings as hole cards.

 

CUT

To divide the deck into two sections in such a manner as to change the order of the cards.

 

CUT-CARD Another term for the bottom card.
DEAD CARD

A card that is not legally playable.

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DEAD COLLECTION BLIND

A fee posted by the player having the dealer button, used in some games as an alternative method of seat rental.

 

DEAD HAND

A hand that is not legally playable.

 

DEAD MONEY

Chips that are taken into the center of the pot because they are not considered part of a particular player’s bet.

 

DEAL

To give each player cards, or put cards on the board. As used in these rules, each deal refers to the entire process from the shuffling and dealing of cards until the pot is awarded to the winner.

 

DEALER BUTTON

A flat disk that indicates the player who would be in the dealing position for that hand (if there were not a house dealer). Normally just called "the button."

 

DEALER’S CHOICE A game in which the player in the dealer position decides what game will be played for that hand.

 

DEAL OFF

To take all the blinds and the button before changing seats or leaving the table. That is, participate through all the blind positions and the dealer position.

 

DEAL TWICE

When there is no more betting, agreeing to have the rest of the cards to come determine only half the pot, removing those cards, and dealing again for the other half of the pot.

 

DECK

A set of playing-cards. In these games, the deck consists of either:
(1) 52 cards in seven-card stud, holdem, and Omaha .

(2) 53 cards (including the joker), often used in ace-to-five lowball and draw high.

 

DISCARD(S)

In a draw game, to throw cards out of your hand to make room for replacements, or the card(s) thrown away; the muck.

 

DOWNCARDS

Cards that are dealt facedown in a stud game.

 

DRAW (1) The poker form where players are given the opportunity to replace cards in the hand. In some places like California , the word "draw" is used referring to draw high, and draw low is called "lowball."
(2) The act of replacing cards in the hand.
(3) The point in the deal where replacing is done is called "the draw."
FACECARD

A king, queen, or jack.

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FAMILY POT

A hand in which all players call to see the flop.

 

FISH

Slang used for a poor or loose player who enters into hands frequently and often calls in an attempt to make any kind of hand, no matter how unlikely.

 

FIXED LIMIT

In limit poker, any betting structure in which the amount of the bet on each particular round is pre-set.

 

FLASHED CARD

A card that is partially exposed.

 

FLOORPERSON

A casino employee who seats players and makes decisions.

 

FLOP

In holdem or Omaha , the three community cards that are turned simultaneously after the first round of betting is complete.

 

FLUSH

A poker hand consisting of five cards of the same suit.

 

FOLD

To throw a hand away and relinquish all interest in a pot.

 

FOURTH STREET

The second upcard in seven-card stud or the first boardcard after the flop in holdem (also called the turn card).

 

FOULED HAND

A dead hand.

 

FOUR OF A KIND

Four cards of the same denomination.

 

FORCED BET

A required wager to start the action on the first betting round (the normal way action begins in a stud game).

 

FREE CARD

Whenever you get to see an additional community card without having to call another bet. Results when all players check a round of betting.

 

FREEROLL

A chance to win something at no risk or cost.

 

FULL BUY

A buy-in of at least the minimum requirement of chips needed for a particular game.

 

FULL HOUSE

A hand consisting of three of a kind and a pair.

 

GUTSHOT

An inside straight draw, also known as a Bellybuster.

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HAND (1) All a player’s personal cards.
(2) The five cards determining the poker ranking.
(3) A single poker deal.
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HEADS-UP

Only two players involved in play.

 

HOLECARDS The cards dealt facedown to a player.
INSIDE STRAIGHT DRAW A hand in which you need the middle or one card to make your straight. You hold 4,7 in your hand and the flop comes 3,5,K you need the 5 to come for a straight. ^ Back to Top
ISOLATE

Raising or re-raising in an attempt to force other players out of the hand and to get heads-up with one other player.

 

INSURANCE

A side agreement when someone is all-in for a player in a pot to put up money that guarantees a payoff of a set amount in case the opponent wins the pot.

 

JOKER The joker is a "partially wild card" in high draw poker and ace-to-five lowball. In high, it is used for aces, straights, and flushes. In lowball, the joker is the lowest unmatched rank in a hand. ^ Back to Top
KANSAS CITY LOWBALL A form of draw poker low also known as deuce-to-seven, in which the best hand is 7-5-4-3-2 and straights and flushes count against you. ^ Back to Top
KICKER

The highest unpaired card that helps determine the value of a five-card poker hand.

 

KILL (OR KILL BLIND)

An oversize blind, usually twice the size of the big blind and doubling the limit. Sometimes a "half-kill" increasing the blind and limits by fifty percent is used. A kill can be either voluntary or mandatory. The most common requirements of a mandatory kill are for winning two pots in a row at lowball and other games, or for scooping a pot in high-low split.

 

KILL BUTTON

A button used in a lowball game to indicate a player who has won two pots in a row and is required to kill the pot.

 

KILL POT

A pot with a forced kill by the winner of the two previous pots, or the winner of an entire pot of sufficient size in a high-low split game. (Some pots can be voluntarily killed.)

 

LEG UP Being in a situation equivalent to having won the previous pot, and thus liable to have to kill the following pot if you win the current pot. ^ Back to Top
LIVE BLIND

A blind bet giving a player the option of raising if no one else has raised.

 

LIST

The ordered roster of players waiting for a game.

 

LOCK-UP

A chip marker that holds a seat for a player.

 

LOOSE

Playing many hands.

 

LOWBALL

A draw game where the lowest hand wins.

 

LOWCARD

The lowest upcard at seven-card stud, which is required to bet.

 

MANIAC A player who plays extremely aggressively or loose. ^ Back to Top
MISCALL

An incorrect verbal declaration of the ranking of a hand.

 

MISDEAL

A mistake on the dealing of a hand which causes the cards to be reshuffled and a new hand to be dealt.

 

MISSED BLIND

A required bet that is not posted when it is your turn to do so.

 

MONSTER

A very powerful hand.

 

MUCK

(1) The pile of discards gathered facedown in the center of the table by the dealer.
(2) To discard a hand.

 

MUST-MOVE

In order to protect the main game, a situation where the players of a second game must move into the first game as openings occur.

 

NO-LIMIT Betting structure where players are allowed to wager any or all of their chips in one bet. ^ Back to Top
NUTS

The best possible hand

 

OPEN ENDED When you can hit two cards to make a straight. You hold J,T and the flop comes 9,Q,2 either end cards (K or 8) will make your hand. ^ Back to Top
OPENER

The player who made the first voluntary bet.

 

OPENER BUTTON

A button used to indicate who opened a particular pot in a draw game.

 

OPENERS

In jacks-or-better draw, the cards held by the player who opens the pot that show the hand qualifies to be opened. Example: You are first to bet and have a pair of kings; the kings are called your openers.

 

OPTION

The choice to raise a bet given to a player with a blind.

 

OUTS

Cards that can make your hand

 

OVERBLIND

Also called oversize blind. A blind used in some pots that is bigger than the regular big blind, and usually increases the stakes proportionally.

 

OVER BUTTON A disk that player may request that indicates they are willing to play at a higher limit. When all the remaining players in a hand hold over buttons the betting limits usually double.
PAINT Slang term for King, Queen or Jack also known as Face Cards or Picasso. ^ Back to Top
PASS

(1) Decline to bet. In a pass-and-out game, this differs from a check, because a player who passes must fold.
(2) Decline to call a wager, at which point you must discard your hand and have no further interest in the pot.

 

PAT

Not drawing any cards in a draw game.

 

PICASSO

Slang term for King, Queen or Jack also known as Face Cards or Paint.

 

PLAY BEHIND

Have chips in play that are not in front of you (allowed only when waiting for chips that are already purchased). This differs from table stakes.

 

PLAY THE BOARD

Using all five community cards for your hand in holdem.

 

PLAY OVER

To play in a seat when the occupant is absent.

 

PLAY OVER BOX

A clear plastic box used to cover and protect the chips of an absent player when someone plays over that seat.

 

POCKET PAIR

Any two hole cards of the same value. Holding AA in your hand is often referred to as having Pocket Aces.

 

POSITION

(1) The relation of a player’s seat to the blinds or the button.
(2) The order of acting on a betting round or deal.

 

POST

When a player is forced to bet prior to being dealt cards. Usually occurs in the blind position or when a player has been absent from play and has missed paying the blinds.

 

POT-LIMIT

Betting structure of a game in which you are allowed to bet up to the amount of the pot

 

POTTING OUT

Agreeing with another player to take money out of a pot, often to buy food, cigarettes, or drinks, or to make side bets.

 

PROPOSITION BETS

Side bets between players that are not related to the outcome of the hand.

 

PROTECTED HAND

A hand of cards that the player is physically holding, or has topped with a chip or some other object to prevent a fouled hand.

 

PUSH

When a new dealer replaces an existing dealer at a particular table.

 

PUSHING BETS

The situation in which two or more players make an agreement to return bets to each other when one of them wins a pot in which the other or others play. Also called saving bets.

 

QUADS Slang term for Four of a Kind. ^ Back to Top
RACK (1) A container in which chips are stored while being transported.
(2) A tray in front of the dealer, used to hold chips and cards.
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RAG

Slang term for a low value card.

 

RAINBOW

Term used to describe a flop in which all three cards are of a different suit, this lessens the chance of being able to make a flush.

 

RAISE

To increase the amount of a prior wager. This increase must meet certain specifications, depending on the game, to reopen the betting and count toward a limit on the number of raises allowed.

 

RAKE

The money removed from the pot by the casino or house, usually 5% of the pot up to a maximum of $5.

 

RERAISE

To raise someone’s raise.

 

RIVER

The last of the 5 community cards in a flop game.

 

RIVER RAT

A player that makes his/her hand by calling all the way to the river.

 

RUNNER RUNNER

A drawing hand that is made using the 4th and 5th community cards.

 

RUSH

Short period of time in which a player wins a large number of pots.

 

SAVING BETS Same as pushing bets. ^ Back to Top
SCOOP

To win both the high and the low portions of a pot in a split-pot game.

 

SCRAMBLE

A facedown mixing of the cards.

 

SEMI BLUFF

A bluff in which the player currently has not made their hand but has many possibilities or outs to make a very strong or winning hand.

 

SET

When a player has three of a kind, with two in the hole.

 

SETUP

Two suited decks, each with different colored backs, to replace current decks in a game.

 

SIDE POT

A separate pot formed when one or more players are all in.

 

SHORT BUY

A buy-in that is less than the required minimum buy-in.

 

SHORT STACK

When a player has the fewest or very few chips at the table.

 

SHOWDOWN

The final act of determining the winner of the pot after all betting is completed.

 

SHUFFLE

The act of mixing the cards before a hand.

 

SLOWPLAY

When a player under bets or checks a very strong hand.

 

SMALL BLIND

In a game with multiple blind bets, the smallest blind.

 

SPLASH THE POT

To throw your chips into the pot instead of placing them.

 

SPLIT POT

A pot that is divided among players, either because of a tie for the best hand or by agreement prior to the showdown.

 

SPLITTING BLINDS

When no one else has entered the pot, an agreement between the big blind and small blind to each take back their blind bets instead of playing the deal (chopping).

 

SPLITTING OPENERS

In high draw jacks-or-better poker, dividing openers in hopes of making a different type of hand. Example: You open the pot with a pair of aces. One of your aces is a spade, as are the three other cards in the hand. If you throw away the non-spade ace to go for the flush, you announce to the table, "Splitting openers."

 

STACK

Chips in front of a player.

 

STRADDLE

An additional blind bet placed after the forced blinds, usually double the big blind in size or in lowball, a multiple blind game.

 

STRAIGHT

Five cards in consecutive rank.

 

STRAIGHT FLUSH

Five cards in consecutive rank of the same suit.

 

STREET

Cards dealt on a particular round in stud games. For instance, the fourth card in a player’s hand is often known as fourth street , the sixth card as sixth street , and so on.

 

STRING RAISE

A bet made in more than one motion, without a declaration of a raise (not allowed).

 

STUB

The portion of the deck which has not been dealt.

 

STUCK

When a player has lost a considerable amount of money through the course of play.

 

SUPERVISOR

A cardroom employee qualified to make rulings, such as a floorperson, shift supervisor, or the cardroom manager.

 

TABLE STAKES (1) The amount of money you have on the table. This is the maximum amount that you can lose or that anyone can win from you on any one hand.
(2) The requirement that players can wager only the money in front of them at the start of a hand, and can only buy more chips between hands.
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TELL

Habit, action or behavior that gives other players more information about your hand than they would have simply from your play.

 

TIGHT

Slang term for a Full House.

 

TILT

Play that is much too loose and often very aggressive often brought about by frustration or anger.

 

"TIME"

An expression used to stop the action on a hand. Equivalent to "Hold it."

 

TIME COLLECTION

A fee for a seat rental, paid in advance.

 

TOURNAMENT

A poker competition, normally with an entry fee and prizes.

 

TRIPS

Slang term for Three of a Kind.

 

TURNCARD

The fourth street card in holdem or Omaha .

 

UNDER THE GUN Position in which the player is the first to act in a hand, immediately to the left of the big blind. ^ Back to Top
UPCARDS

Cards that are dealt faceup for opponents to see in stud games.

 

WAGER (1) To bet or raise.
(2) The chips used for betting or raising.
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WHEEL Slang term for a Straight Ace to Five (A,2,3,4,5)

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